Armed violence includes the use and misuse not only of small arms and light weapons, but also of explosives, landmines and bombs. The most common type of armed violence is gun violence, and most gun violence occurs in the context of crime—from interpersonal acts of homicide and assault, to organised drug-related violence—rather than conflict.
- More than 526,000 people die each year by violence, with homicide accounting for roughly 75% of all violent deaths.
- UNODC puts at 468,000 the total number of intentional homicides in 2010, which equals 6.9 homicides per 100,000 people in a population.
- 58 countries have homicide rates above 10 people per 100,000; these countries account for almost two-thirds of all violent deaths. 35 countries have homicide rates are above 20 people per 100,000, sometimes reaching 50 people per 100,000. El Salvador was the country most affected by lethal violence in 2004–09.
- The share of homicide committed with firearms ranges from 21% in Europe to 74% in the Americas, with a world average of 43%.Individual countries can have much higher proportions of homicides committed with firearms—such as Puerto Rico, where almost 92% of homicides are committed with guns.
- The global firearm stockpile is estimated at 875 million small arms and light weapons, with regulation varying dramatically among – and sometimes within – nations.
- Nearly 75% of guns in the world (650 million) are in the hands of civilians. US citizens hold some 270 million of these: about 90 firearms for every 100 people, compared to one firearm or less per 100 citizens in countries like Ghana and South Korea.